Virtually every Canadian university has a set of resources on open access. These web pages are usually maintained by librarians and answer questions such as, what is open access (OA)? What is the difference between green and gold OA? How can I comply with the Tri-Agency Policy on OA?

While the “Tri-Agency Open Access Policy on Publications” mandates open access for any research funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, several universities have published their own commitments to open access. Every institution listed below recommends repository deposit (that is, green OA) as the first priority, and many have had institutional repositories for well over a decade. Many institutions also encourage gold OA.

Many institutions have statements which have been published by their Faculty Senate or Board of Governors:

Many other statements come from librarians, who are committed to ensuring that their own research appears open access, as well as committed to supporting their fellow researchers at their institution. Below are some of the Canadian institutions whose OA statements have been published by their libraries:

Some statements have come from individual schools or faculties, such as:

Most statements recommend that authors strive for the best possible effort to make research OA, and that universities make the best possible effort to support them. As Peter Suber has demonstrated, even the strongest OA mandates always allow for a waiver option (81); Simon Fraser University’s statement, for instance, grants the University permission to make their work OA as a default, but allows for waivers in cases where sharing their work would not be appropriate. SFU also acknowledges that while they “expect authors to participate, no University sanctions will result from failure to comply” (n.p.).

Several institutions specifically endorse public statements about OA such as the BBB definition (that is, the Budapest, Bethesda and Berlin statements from 2002-2003), which is endorsed by University of Calgary. Mount Royal endorses the Budapest Statement along with CARL and IFLA’s position statements on open access.

Has your Canadian university published a statement on open access that we missed? Let us know!

Works Cited

“SFU Open Access Policy.” 2017. Simon Fraser University.

Suber, Peter. Open Access. 2012. MIT Press.